A partner’s touch relieves pain, study shows

The touch of our romantic partner helps to alleviate pain, suggest the results of a new study.
Lovers’ heartbeats and respiration patterns tend to synchronize when the partners are simply in each other’s presence. But what does the role of touch play in this synchronization, and what happens when one of the partners is experiencing pain?

Have you ever noticed that when you walk alongside your partner, your steps tend to synchronize? Or that when you speak to a close friend, you tend to adopt the same posture as them?

The scientific name for this is “behavioral synchrony,” and it refers to the human ability to sync up with other people for the sake of living in a society.

Some studies have shown that people are not only able to synchronize their behavior, but that they can also sync up their physiology.

“Interpersonal synchronization” can manifest in various ways. For example, when people watch the same movie, their brain activity synchronizes. Similarly, when lovers stare into each other’s eyes, their hearts quite literally beat as one.

New research carried out by scientists at University of Colorado (CU) Boulder explores the role of touch in driving interpersonal synchronization in the context of pain.

The team was led by Pavel Goldstein, a postdoctoral pain researcher in the Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Lab at CU Boulder, and the findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Dr. Goldstein explains what prompted his research, saying, “My wife was in pain, and all I could think was, ‘What can I do to help her?’ I reached for her hand and it seemed to help. I wanted to test it out in the lab: can one really decrease pain with touch, and if so, how?”

Breast implants may cause false ECG diagnosis of heart attack

Electrocardiogram recordings are often used to diagnose heart attacks and other conditions. But a new study suggests that in the case of patients with breast implants, the recordings can often be misleading. It recommends that doctors use other tests to confirm any indications.

The study, which was presented recently at the European Society of Cardiology meeting EHRA EUROPACE-CARDIOSTIM 2017, held in Vienna, Austria, is published in the Society’s Europace journal.

An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a recording of the heart’s electrical activity that is made using a machine attached to the skin of the chest, arms, and legs.

An ECG can reveal how fast the heart is beating, whether or not the rhythm of the beat is irregular, and the pattern of electrical pulses in each part of the heart.

ECGs are used to diagnose heart disease, heart attack, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, or arrythmia, and other heart conditions.

They are used routinely in clinics, doctor’s surgeries, and outpatient departments. Emergency departments also use them to investigate chest pains.

Implants can disrupt heart readings

Breast implants are used in breast augmentation to enlarge or restore breast size. They can also be used in mammoplasty or reshaping of the breast, as well as in breast reconstruction – following mastectomy, for instance. Most implants are of the saline or silicone-gel type.

In 2016, plastic surgeons carried out nearly 290,500 breast augmentations in the United States, 4 percent more than in 2015.

Dr. Sok-Sithikun Bun, lead author of the new study and a cardiologist at Princess Grace Hospital in Monaco, explains why they carried out their investigation.

“Our experience shows that breast implants make it difficult to see the heart with echocardiography because ultrasound cannot penetrate through the implant. We wanted to find out if implants also disrupt an ECG.”

For the study, 28 women with breast implants and 20 control women of the same age without breast implants underwent ECGs. All the women were healthy and showed no evidence of structural heart disease.

Each ECG was analyzed by two electrophysiologists who were “blinded” about the subjects – that is, they were unaware of key characteristics such as the age and sex of each patient, whether they had breast implants, and whether they had heart disease.

One physiologist declared all the ECGs of the control group to be normal. The other said that one of them was abnormal.

‘Be aware of potentially abnormal ECGs’

When they examined the ECGs of the group with breast implants, one physiologist said that 38 percent of them were abnormal, while the other said that 57 percent of them were abnormal.

Dr. Bun says that since “the main difference between the two groups of women was the breast implants,” he and his colleagues concluded that the abnormal ECG recordings were due to the implants.

“Albeit echocardiography is difficult in women with implants, these measurements indicated that they had normal hearts and no structural heart disease, which suggests that there was no heart problem that could explain the abnormal ECGs,” he adds.

Doctors look at various patterns in an ECG – such as “ST depression” and “T wave inversion” – to diagnose a heart attack.

Dr. Bun says that the pattern that came up the most often in the abnormal ECG recordings of the group with breast implants was “T wave inversion from leads V1 to V4, followed by ST depression.”

“T wave inversion is an unspecific sign but can indicate the presence of coronary artery disease, while ST depression indicates that a patient may have a heart attack,” he explains.

Dr. Bun advises patients to let doctors know if they have breast implants before they undergo an ECG. They should also consider having an ECG before receiving implants so that there is a pre-implant recording on file for comparison later. He concludes:

Doctors should be aware that ECG interpretation can be misleading in patients with breast implants. In case of any doubts regarding the diagnosis, blood tests need to be performed depending on the symptoms.”

source: Medical News Online.

Tips On How To Grow A Healthy Natural Hair

Have you been struggling on how to keep your hair natural? Well I have six proven steps you can follow to achieve that. 

1. Ditch the comb : engage in finger untangling more and if  the need for comb arise, use a wide tooth comb.

2. Do a protein treatment regime at least once a month and at most twice a month.

3. Practice a hair rinse regime: There are different kinds of hair rinses. We have the rice water rinse, black tea rinse, oil rinse. Although these are others, these are the ones I have personally done and they have worked pretty much.

4. Do a co- wash at least once a month. Too much of the shampoo can dry out our hair, hence once in a while, instead of using shampoo, just use a conditioner only. (Co- wash).

5. Moisturize your hair regularly to ensure that it doesn’t get dry. Dry hair is what leads to itchy scalp and dandruff. A spray bottle can be used here to make things easier.

6. Drink water regularly.